When you find yourself interested in learning a new language or in need to learn one, it might be confusing and hard to figure out where to start from, Alphabet? Grammar? Vocabulary? Phrases? Pronunciation? Where should I start?
Don’t you worry, Community of babel is here to help you ease your way into learning Arabic. We provide Arabic lessons for free in four different variations of the Arabic language: Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), Egyptian Dialect, Gulf Dialect (Saudi dialect), and Levant Dialect (Syrian dialect). Once you pick the variant you are most intrigued by, choose the level you find yourself in, and you can finally take your first step into your Arabic language journey!
Arabic lessons beginners level:
Experts divided language levels from A (absolute beginners/basic language users) to C (proficient language users), our target here is the A1 level. Our goal is to be able to understand Arabic and use very basic and easy words and phrases and interact with people using the Arabic language in simplified form. For starters, let me introduce you to basic Arabic phrases (mainly in MSA), I will include the word/phrase written in Arabic, transliteration, and translation:
Basic Arabic greetings:
السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم - assalamu alaikum – Hello
أَهلًا – Ahlan – Hi
صَباحْ الخِير - sabaah Al khair – Good morning
مَسَاء الخِير - masaa' Al khair – Good evening
مَعْ السَّلامَة – ma'aa as-salaamah – Goodbye
إِلى اللِقَاء - ela al liqa' – Bye (until next time)
تُصْبِح عَلَى خِير - tisbeh 'ala khair – Goodnight
Introducing yourself and asking for clarification:
ما اسْمُك؟ - ma esmoka – What is your name?
اِسْمِي أحمَد – esmi Ahmad - My name is Ahmad
كَيْفَ حَالُكَ؟ - kayfa haaluka – How are you?
أَنَا بِخَير – ama bi'khayer – I am fine
مِنْ أيْنَ أنْتَ؟ - men ayna anta? – Where are you from?
لَو سَمَحت – law samaht – Excuse me (to get someone’s attention)
هَلْ تَتَحدثُ الإنجِلِيزية؟ - hal tata'hadatho al englijiyah? – Do you speak English?
أنَا مُتَأسِف – ana muta'asif – I am sorry
أَفهَم – afham – I understand
أنَا لَم أفهَم – ana lam afham – I did not understand
مَاذا قُلت؟ - matha' qulta? – What did you say?
هَلْ يُمكِنُكَ التَحَدُث بِبُطء؟ - hal yunkinok a'tahaduth bi'but'? – Can you speak slowly?
هَل يُمكِنُكَ إِعَادَة مَا قُلتَه؟ - hal yunkinok e'aa'dat ma qultah? – Can you repeat what you said?
Basic and essential Arabic words:
لَا - laa' – No
نَعَم - na'am – Yes
شُكْرًا – shukran – Thank you
عَفوًا - a'fwan – You are welcome
وَ – wa – And
حَسَنًا – hasanan – Ok
رُبَمَا – rubama – Maybe
رَجَاءً - raja'an – Please
عُذرًا - o'thran – Excuse me (when interrupting something)
أَرْجُو المَعذِرَة – arjo al ma'thirah – Excuse or Pardon me
هّذّا – hatha – This (masculine)
هّذِه – hathih – This (Feminine)
أَين - a'yn – Where?
هُنَا – huna – Here
هُنَاك – hunak - There
مَتَى – mata – When?
الآن – al aa'n – Now
لَاحِقَا – lahiqan - Later
كَم – kam – How many?
لَكِن – lakin – But
دَورَة مِياه – dawrat miyah – Bathroom/Toilet
These words and phrases can be your survival kit when visiting an Arabic speaking country, they are what most Arabic lessons start with. Now, how can you optimize the basic knowledge you just gained?
- Learn the Arabic Alphabet (Al Abjadiyah)
- Listen to audios in Arabic to get familiar with the phonology of the Arabic language, learn more words and phrases and how they are used in context and shadow.
- Find yourself an easy-to-use Arabic-English dictionary and learn how to use it.
- Mix the words and phrases you learned! Even if you make mistakes, no worries, at beginner level no one is expecting you to have perfect grammar.
Practice Arabic speaking, the more you practice especially with native-speakers, the more you will gain confidence in yourself and the knowledge you gained.